Our Blogs

Receding Gums: What Are The Causes and Treatments?


Receding gums, also called gingival recession, occur when the gum tissues gradually shrink or pull back. This process exposes the teeth roots to potential problems. Moreover, receding gums are a common issue that affects a significant number of individuals around the world. Furthermore, gum recession can lead to various oral health concerns, such as tooth sensitivity and an increased risk of tooth decay.

In this blog, we will delve into the causes behind receding gums, explore different treatment modalities and discuss surgical options and provide preventive measures. 

By understanding these aspects, individuals can take proactive steps to address this condition and learn how to stop receding gums and preserve their oral health.

What Causes Receding Gums?

Multiple factors cause it, including:

  • Genetic Predisposition: Some people are more prone to gum recession due to their genetic makeup. If your family has a history of gum problems, you are at a higher risk of experiencing gum recession.
  • Hormonal Changes: Hormonal fluctuations, like during pregnancy or menopause, can make gums more sensitive to recession. Consequently, understanding and managing these hormonal changes is essential to prevent gum problems.
  • Teeth Grinding (Bruxism): Grinding or clenching your teeth puts excessive pressure on the gums, which can lead to their recession over time. However, wearing a mouthguard at night can help protect your gums from the damaging effects of Bruxism. 
  • Misaligned Bite or Crooked Teeth: When your teeth do not align properly or are crooked, they may exert uneven pressure on the gums, causing a recession. Correcting your bite or teeth alignment can prevent further gum problems.
  • Aggressive Brushing: Brushing your teeth vigorously, especially with a hard-bristled toothbrush, can lead to the erosion of delicate gum tissue and contribute to gum recession.

Tip: Opt for a soft-bristle toothbrush and use gentle circular motions when brushing to reduce the risk of gum recession. 

  • Poor Nutrition: A diet lacking essential nutrients, especially vitamin C, can weaken gum tissues, making them more prone to recession. Ensure a balanced diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables to support gum health.

Which Receding Gums Treatments Exist?

When it comes to addressing receding gums, there are various treatments available to restore gum health. By understanding these treatment options, you can make informed decisions about the best approach for your situation.

Non-Surgical Approaches to Treating Receding Gums:

  • Scaling and Root Planing: This deep-cleaning technique is often the first line of defense against gum disease. By removing plaque and tartar buildup below the gum line, you eliminate harmful bacteria and promote gum tissue healing. Regular scaling and root planing can prevent further gum recession and restore gum health.
  • Antibiotics for Managing Gum Disease: In some cases, dentists may prescribe antibiotics to combat bacterial infections associated with gum disease. These medications can be taken orally or applied topically to reduce inflammation, supporting the healing process.

Surgical options:

When non-surgical treatments are insufficient, surgical interventions may be necessary. These include:

  • Gum Grafting: When significant gum recession has occurred, gum grafting can restore the natural gumline. During this procedure, healthy gum tissue is taken from another area of your mouth and placed over the affected areas. Gum grafting enhances the appearance of your smile and protects the roots.
  • Pocket Depth Reduction: This surgical procedure aims to reduce the depth of gum pockets caused by gum disease. By accessing the affected areas, the periodontist thoroughly cleans the roots of the teeth, eliminating bacteria and promoting gum tissue reattachment. Pocket depth reduction prevents further gum recession and helps to maintain a healthy oral environment.
  • Regenerative Procedures: In more advanced cases, regenerative techniques may be used to stimulate the growth of new bone and gum tissue. These procedures, such as bone grafts, guided tissue regeneration, and enamel matrix derivatives, promote the regeneration of lost support structures around the teeth. As a result, by restoring damaged tissues, regenerative procedures can effectively address gum recession and improve overall oral health.

What Preventative Measures Should You Take for Healthy Gums?

Keeping your gums healthy is essential for maintaining a bright smile and overall oral well-being. By implementing simple preventative measures, you can minimize the risk of gum problems and maintain healthy gums.

 Let’s explore some effective ways to take care of your gums.

  • Practicing Good Oral Hygiene: Brushing your teeth twice a day and flossing daily are the foundation of good oral hygiene. Use a soft-bristled toothbrush and gently clean your teeth and gums. Don’t forget to reach those hard-to-reach areas between your teeth with floss. Good oral hygiene removes plaque, which can reduce the risk of gum recession. 
  • Gentle Brushing Techniques: Avoid brushing too hard or aggressively, as this can harm your gums. Instead, use a gentle touch and let the bristles do the work. 
  • Regular Dental Check-ups: Schedule regular visits with your dentist for check-ups and professional cleanings. Dentists can detect early signs of gum problems and provide necessary treatments to prevent gum recession. Professional cleanings remove plaque and tartar buildup, which are major contributors to gum disease.
  • Avoiding Tobacco Use: Smoking and chewing tobacco are harmful to your gums and overall oral health. Tobacco use weakens your immune system, making it harder for your gums to fight off infections. Quitting tobacco can significantly improve your gum health and reduce the risk of gum disease.
  • Maintaining a Balanced Diet: A healthy diet plays a crucial role in gum health. Therefore, make sure to include lots of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains in your meals. These foods provide essential vitamins and minerals that support gum tissue strength and healing. Moreover, it’s important to limit your intake of sugary snacks and beverages since sugar can contribute to gum disease. So, by making these dietary adjustments, you can promote better gum health and overall well-being.
  • Managing Stress: Stress can weaken your immune system and make you more susceptible to gum problems. Find healthy ways to manage stress, such as exercising, practicing relaxation techniques, or engaging in hobbies that bring you joy. Taking care of your mental well-being indirectly supports your gum health.

If you see any signs of issues with your gums, make sure to visit a dentist as soon as possible.

The Final Words

Receding gums can lead to serious oral health issues if you don’t take care of them. But knowing what causes them, the different ways to treat them, the surgical options available, and the preventive measures to follow can help avoid complications. 

It’s important to visit a dental professional who can provide an accurate diagnosis and create a personalized treatment plan. 

By taking proper care, which includes practicing good oral hygiene and going for regular dental check-ups, people can safeguard their gums.

If you’re looking for assistance, Genuine Dental is there to help. Their team of experts can provide the support and guidance you need to address receding gums effectively. 
Book an appointment now for your receding gums.